There are four types of carbon projects that Go Neutral supports.
- Regeneration Projects
- Protection Projects
- Savanna Burning Projects
- Soil Projects
Here’s what they are and how they work:
These work to regenerate native vegetation on land that has become degraded – often through overgrazing or clearing. These projects involve working with farmers to change land management practices to allow native vegetation to regrow. They also incorporate a commitment from the farmer to maintain the regenerated forest or bushlands for up to 100 years.
Changes in land management often include installing new fencing so that livestock can be moved around instead of being allowed to overgraze certain areas, installing water points across farms to encourage livestock and wildlife to move more widely and graze less intensively, and in some cases humanely managing feral animal populations so that they don’t destroy emerging regrowth.
landscapes like the one on the right, gradually regain groundcover (grasses)
and can feature juvenile bushes and trees as well as new shoots.
Regeneration projects have multiple benefits for the land, native species and regional communities.
The Land – increased vegetation improves the overall health of the land. Vegetated land is better able to absorb and retain moisture, which makes it more resilient in the face of drought and able to bounce back better after challenging conditions. Increased vegetation also prevents erosion and the runoff of sediment into waterways.
Native Species – regeneration projects regrow native species rather than plant new species, so they help increase stocks of uniquely Australian trees and bushes including eucalypts, mulgas, bloodwood trees and many others. The regenerated forests and bushlands become home to native wildlife, creating important wildlife corridors and supporting some threatened or vulnerable species.
Regional Communities – the money that flows back to the farmers for their regenerative work often gets reinvested back into the land, paying for fencing, firebreaks and other farming infrastructure. Local businesses and contractors are often employed to do these works and jobs are also created as a result.
These projects ensure that important areas of native forest are protected from clearing.
Australia has lost 40-50% of its forests since European colonisation, and today, is the only OECD country in the world’s top 10 land clearing nations.
Protection projects involve working with farmers to identify areas of land that have been cleared in the past and are at risk of being cleared in the future, and ensuring that a new cycle of clearing does not take place. Farmers have to commit to not clearing the land for between 25-100 years, ensuring these native forests are maintained as important carbon sinks and as habitat for native species including koalas.